By David Arthur deSilva

ISBN-10: 1435614666

ISBN-13: 9781435614666

ISBN-10: 9004147764

ISBN-13: 9789004147768

This remark examines four Maccabees as a contribution to the continued reformulation of Jewish id and perform within the Greek-speaking Diaspora. It analyzes the Jewish author’s interplay with, and facility in, Greek rhetorical conventions, moral philosophy, and literary tradition, giving consciousness additionally to his use and interpretation of texts and traditions from the Jewish Scriptures and different Hellenistic Jewish writings. The statement shows the author’s skillful weaving jointly of a lot of these assets to create a textual content that translates the Torah-observant existence because the fullest embodiment of the simplest Greek moral beliefs. a particular characteristic is the exam of the way the adventure of interpreting four Maccabees in Codex Sinaiticus differs from the adventure of studying the eclectic textual content.

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Additional info for 4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,)

Sample text

Freudenthal (1869:72–90), followed by Deissmann (1900:156), had attempted to argue that the authors of 2 and 4 Maccabees had worked independently of one another from the lost work of Jason of Cyrene, which the author of 2 Maccabees explicitly cites as his source (2 Macc 2:23). Freudenthal was led to this conclusion by a number of significant deviations in the story line of 4 Maccabees from the story of 2 Maccabees, such as the disappearance of the character Heliodorus in the narration of INTRODUCTION xxxi the attempt to seize the private funds in the Temple treasury (compare 2 Macc 3:8–40 with 4 Macc 4:5–14).

4 κακοήθ[ε]ιάν τις ὑμῶν οὐ δύναται ἐκκόψαι, ἀλλὰ τὸ μὴ καμϕθῆναι τῇ κακοηθ[ε]ίᾳ δύναιτ’ ἂν ὁ λογισμὸς συμμαχῆσαι.

32) And of the desires, some belong to the soul and some to the body – and reason is seen to master both of these. (33) Otherwise, how do we, being drawn to the forbidden foods, refuse the pleasures they offer? Is it not because reason is able to master the cravings? For I think this to be so. (34) For this very reason, though desiring seafood and birds and quadrupeds and all kinds of foods forbidden to us on account of the Law, we abstain on account of the mastery of reason. (35) For the passions of the cravings are endured patiently, being restrained by the self-controlled mind, and all the stirrings of the body are silenced by reason.

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4 Maccabees: Introduction And Commentary on the Greek Text in Codex Sinaiticus (Septuagint Commentary Series,) by David Arthur deSilva


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