By Marc Van de Mieroop
This e-book provides a transparent, concise heritage of the intense multicultural civilizations of the traditional close to East. Bestselling narrative of the advanced heritage of the traditional close to EastAddresses political, social, and cultural developmentsContains in-depth dialogue of key texts and assets, together with the Bible and the Epic of GilgameshIncludes a variety of maps, illustrations, and a range of close to japanese texts in translationIntegrates new study, and significantly expands the publications to additional analyzing for this moment variation
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Extra info for A History of the Ancient Near East, ca 3000-323 BC, 2nd edition (Blackwell History of the Ancient World)
The temple's function as collector and distributor of agricultural resources was founded in the ideology that the god received them as gifts and redistributed them to the people. 1 The city-states of Babylonia in the Early Dynastic period (after Joan Oates, Babylon [London: Thames and Hudson, 19861, p. 13) the temple administration served as leader in the city, and from the Uruk period on the primary ideological support for the city-ruler was his function in the temple household. The temple was, in fact, the dominant institution in the early city and the largest structure within its walls, sometimes built on an earthen platform towering over the other buildings.
Successive kings stated that Umma had illegally occupied the land and that its rulers had been defeated by the army of Lagash. Yet the conflict persisted over several centuries, which shows how inconclusive these battles were as well as the importance of the agricultural area to both states. We may assume that other states similarly attempted to extend their farming zones by annexing the fields of neighbors. Not all interactions between states were hostile, however. The royal houses communicated with one another as equals and had diplomatic relations.
Enmetena, ruler of Lagash, given the scepter by Enlil, given wisdom by Enki, chosen in the heart of Nanshe, chief administrator of Ningirsu, the one who grasps the commands of the gods, may his personal god Shuturul stand before Ningirsu and Nanshe forever for the life of Enmetena. (If) the man of Umma, in order to carry off the fields crosses the boundary channel of Ningirsu and the boundary channel of Nanshe, be he a man from Umma or a foreigner, may Enlil destroy him, may Ningirsu after casting his great battle-net, place his hands and feet upon him.
A History of the Ancient Near East, ca 3000-323 BC, 2nd edition (Blackwell History of the Ancient World) by Marc Van de Mieroop