By Federico De Romanis, Marco Maiuro
Across the Ocean comprises 9 essays, each one devoted to a key query within the heritage of the exchange kin among the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean from Antiquity to the Early glossy interval: the function of the kingdom within the crimson Sea alternate, Roman coverage within the purple Sea, the functionality of Trajan s Canal, the pepper alternate, the pearl alternate, the Nabataean middlemen, using gold in old India, the consistent renewal of the Indian Ocean ports of exchange, and the increase and loss of life of the VOC."
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Additional resources for Across the Ocean: Nine Essays on Indo-Mediterranean Trade
196 is an inscription from Palmyra mentioning a councillor of Antioch who was responsible for the collection of the 25% tax; contrary to Young’s opinion (2001, 149), this does not imply that the tax was collected at Antioch, since trade via Palmyra could easily be routed onwards to other destinations in Syria. 84; Raschke 1978, 644 and 848, nn. 808, 811; Sidebotham 1986a, 32–33; Young 2001, 69. Cf. Schörle, this volume. 100; Turner 1954, 54; Evans 1995; cf. Raschke 1978, 644 and 848, nn. 804–807.
In Trajan’s time, the canal may have been considered of more strategic than commercial importance, in view of the emperor’s planned campaign against Arabia and Persia. As was said before, Trajan’s Canal was not a new project, in spite of its occasional name (kainos potamos). Wilck. Bodl. Eleph. daik 18–19, all in 114) = R. Oxy. Bub. Cair. Isid. Oxy. xii 1426 (Oxy. Oxy. lv 3814 (Oxy. iii/iv); psi i 87 (Oxy. 423); psi vi 689 (Oxy. Univ. 7 (Oxy. Lond. Lond. iv 1465 descr. ). -F. ), Paris 1809–1928).
Provided that ancient authors and the drafters of papyrological documents had a precise and accurate knowledge of the area, it seems that the western end of the canal was repeatedly redesigned in its relationship with the Pelusiac branch of the Nile. 11 In a distant past the Nile had an ‘eighth’ branch flowing down into the Gulf of Suez, through the Wadi Tumilat and the Bitter Lakes. This branch may even have been navigable in case of high—not to say exceptional—flood. The rapidly changing geological and hydrological conditions of the Nile Delta, due to the accumulation of alluvial deposits and the proximity of the juncture of continental plates in the Suez area, suggest that the outflowing of the Nile water all the way into the Red Sea must have become increasingly rare.
Across the Ocean: Nine Essays on Indo-Mediterranean Trade by Federico De Romanis, Marco Maiuro