By Sherman Hollar
Fathoming the boundlessness of area and the universe, we're instantly full of interest approximately our personal origins and beauty concerning the items, existence varieties, and topic that populate the cosmos. during the observations and paintings of astronomers over the years, we've slowly been in a position to lessen the variety of unknowns and increase reasons or theories for a few of the celestial gadgets and phenomena we see. This space-traveling survey recounts a few of the significant discovery milestones within the box of astronomy and examines the instruments and methods at the moment utilized by astronomers to check the universe.
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Extra info for Astronomy: Understanding the Universe
In that model, the universe is expanding, but its general appearance and composition remain constant through time, as new matter is gradually created to fill in the gaps left by matter that has spread out. The universe would be infinitely old and would last forever. For a decade or so, mainly in the 1950s, this theory enjoyed significant support. 60 The Universe Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) In 1964 Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, working together at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey, discovered the presence of microwave radiation that seemed to permeate the cosmos uniformly.
The Hubble Space Telescope a shift to lower frequencaptured this dazzling image of a star cies. If the star and the cloud in the constellation Sagittarius. observer are approaching Most of these stars are fairly faint and orange or red, which is how the sun each other, the shift is to would appear. The blue and green stars higher frequencies. are hotter than the sun, while the brightAstronomers know red stars are red giants, which are much cooler stars near the end of their lives. the normal spectrumThe sun will eventually become a red line frequencies for many giant.
VLA/ NRAO 29 Astronomy: Understanding the Universe Spectroscopy: What Light Tells Astronomers Stars give off a whole range of electromagnetic radiation. The kind of radiation is related to the temperature of the star: the higher the temperature of the star, the more energy it gives off and the more this energy is concentrated in high-frequency radiation. An instrument called a spectrograph can separate radiation into the different frequencies. The array of frequencies makes up the spectrum of the star.
Astronomy: Understanding the Universe by Sherman Hollar