By Shannon H. Wilson
The motto of Berea collage is "God has made from one blood all peoples of the earth," a word underlying Berea's 150-year dedication to egalitarian schooling. the 1st interracial and coeducational undergraduate establishment within the South, Berea collage is celebrated for its venture to supply scholars the chance to paintings in alternate for a tuition-free caliber schooling. The founders believed that participation in guide hard work blurred differences of sophistication; mixed with examine and rest, it helped strengthen self sustaining, industrious, and cutting edge graduates dedicated to serving their groups. those values nonetheless carry this present day as Berea keeps its mythical dedication to equality, range, and cultural upkeep and, while, expands its challenge to incorporate twenty-first-century issues, equivalent to ecological sustainability. In Berea university: An Illustrated background, Shannon H. Wilson unfolds the saga of 1 of Kentucky's so much exotic associations of upper schooling, centering his narrative at the 8 presidents who've served Berea. The college's founder, John G. rate, was once a staunch abolitionist and believer in Christian egalitarianism who sought to construct a faculty that "would be to Kentucky what Oberlin was once to Ohio, antislavery, anti-caste, anti-rum, anti-sin." certainly, the relationship to Oberlin is obvious within the college's abolitionist roots and dedication to education African American academics, preachers, and business leaders. Black and white scholars lived, labored, and studied jointly in interracial dorms and study rooms; the level of Berea's reformist dedication is most blatant in an 1872 coverage permitting interracial courting and intermarriage between its scholar physique. even though the ratio of black to white scholars was once approximately equivalent within the college's first 20 years, this early dedication to the schooling of African american citizens was once shattered in 1904, while the Day legislation prohibited the races from attending university jointly. Berea fought the legislation till it misplaced within the U.S. best court docket in 1908 yet later back to its dedication to interracial schooling in 1950, while it turned the 1st undergraduate collage in Kentucky to confess African american citizens. Berea's 3rd president, William Goodell Frost, shifted recognition towards "Appalachian the US" in the course of the meantime, and this project to arrive out to Appalachians keeps this present day. Wilson additionally chronicles the production of Berea's many targeted courses designed to serve women and men in Kentucky and past. a college extension software carried Berea's academic possibilities into mountain groups. Later, the hot chance institution for ladies was once manage to aid grownup ladies go back to the activity industry via supplying them profession workshops, activity adventure on campus, and academic and cultural enrichment possibilities. extra lately, the school built the Black Mountain early life management application, designed to minimize the isolation of African american citizens in Appalachia and inspire cultural literacy, educational success, and neighborhood provider. Berea collage explores the tradition and historical past of 1 of America's most original associations of upper studying. Complemented by means of greater than one hundred eighty historical images, Wilson's narrative files Berea's majestic and encouraging tale.
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Extra resources for Berea College: An Illustrated History
Elizabeth Rogers taught the students to sing. ”23 Beyond the academics, there was also time for play. ”24 J. A. R. 25 Study and play were balanced with work. During respites between studies students were employed clearing away the brush from around the school for creation of a playground and walking paths. ”26 Given that many students or their families could not afford even a modest subscription for the support of the school or its teachers, manual labor provided a means to that end. Labor was not merely a way to earn an education, however.
Nine of the ﬁfteen teachers were women, and at least ﬁve of these had attended Oberlin. 53 The obvious connection between Berea’s and Oberlin’s theological and educational foundations made Berea an understandable outlet for the reformist thinking produced at Oberlin, and thus a natural choice for advancing early teaching and preaching careers. Furthermore, the presence of Rogers, Fee, Hanson, and others among the faculty ensured that the original intentions of the school would be advanced by the teachers.
J. Renfro, was appointed to assume the personal responsibility of raising money, purchasing land, and ﬁnancing buildings for the ﬂedgling college. Fee went to Worcester, Massachusetts, to attend an AMA meeting and in November 1859 was invited to speak in Henry Ward Beecher’s church in Brooklyn, New York. John Brown’s raid on the Harper’s Ferry arsenal in October had created an atmosphere of “intense excitement” that exacerbated every slaveholder’s nightmare of an armed slave rebellion. In addressing the members of Beecher’s Plymouth Church, Fee declared, “We want more John Browns; not in manner of action, but in spirit of consecration; not to go with carnal weapons, but with spiritual; men who, with Bibles in their hands, and tears in their eyes, will beseech men to be reconciled to God.
Berea College: An Illustrated History by Shannon H. Wilson