By Diane Larsen-Freeman

ISBN-10: 0194422445

ISBN-13: 9780194422444

This ebook introduces key suggestions in complexity thought and demonstrates the applicability and usability of those recommendations to a variety of parts in utilized linguistics, together with first and moment language improvement, language educating, and discourse research.

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Extra resources for Complex systems and applied linguistics

Example text

I t Oons made for the New Year. ople act on reso u I likely to be January, as pe k f fitness which is however, not o duces a new pea 0 , ' The intenSive exerCise pr? , r£ f r example slipping on the Ice very stable. Any change m the person s I e, 0 , 0 0 ) 'r 0 52 Change in complex systems Complex Systems and Applied Linguistics and damaging an ankle, that slows down or stops the gym work for a while, will lead to fitness quickly moving away from the peak. Steep peaks in a state space landscape represent very unstable places for the system to be, quite opposite to that of being in a well or a valley.

Once a language is labeled, in a socio-political act, its use is influenced by its status. • Learning a language is not a single process of emergence but a succession of cycles of emergence. Although working with an information-processing perspective and restricted to grammar, the idea of successive 'restructurings' (McLaughlin 1990) of different aspects of the language seems to be similar to the idea of phase shifts leading to new, emergent behavior. • Social structure emerging from and influencing individual agency and action.

So, our everyday experience of the sun appearing to rise over the horizon in the morning and sinking down below it in the evening, leads us to understand the sun as moving in relation to our earthly horizon. This spontaneous concept becomes an attractor in the state space of our understanding. At school, however, we learn that the sun is in fact stationary, and the movement ofthe earth produces an illusion ofthe sun rising and setting. 7. We are able to operate with both these ideas about the relative movement of the sun and the earth, shifting from one to the other as required by context.

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Complex systems and applied linguistics by Diane Larsen-Freeman


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