By Dorothee Birke, Michael Butter, Tilmann K. Ppe
Counterfactuality is at the moment a hotly debated subject. whereas for a few disciplines, akin to linguistics, cognitive technological know-how, or psychology, counterfactual eventualities were a tremendous item of research for relatively some time, counterfactual pondering has in recent times emerged as a mode of analysis for different disciplines, such a lot particularly the social sciences. This quantity offers an outline of the present definitions and uses of the idea that of counterfactuality in philosophy, historiography, political sciences, psychology, linguistics, physics, and literary studies. Read more...
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Extra resources for Counterfactual thinking, counterfactual writing
Velleman, “Explanation”, pp. 21, 20. By “narrative history” Velleman here means a fictional narrative; it is not completely clear whether he wants his misgivings to apply to historical narratives as well. 4 It is completely open whether a world in which Moby has not hurt Ahab and Ahab does not pursue Moby differs less from the actual world than any world in which Moby has not hurt Ahab and Ahab pursues Moby. e. 6 Counterfictionals are not confined to explanation. Normally, a subjunctive conditional in a piece of fiction is a counterfictional.
Their dissimilarities. 22 A difference between models and counterfactual imaginations becomes apparent when we assume an evolutionary process for the modeling:23 It starts with a metaphorical insight that is false when taken literally but, at the same time, insinuates a more or less vague similarity between two areas; the insinuation leads to a “reasoned analogy”, where the metaphorical insight is made precise by an explicit analogy between the two fields; it eventually ends with empirical modeling that transforms the initial metaphorical insight into a precise scientific model.
Impossible according to the laws of nature. The general point I am trying to make is not affected by this. To avoid misunderstanding and confusion: I do believe that the possible-worlds theory of fiction has serious flaws. The main question is if the theory can be made fruitful at all. Here, I am only concerned with the rather technical question if the spirit of the theory can be saved against the two main arguments. , Cambridge 2009. Thought Experiments and Literature 39 So the burden of proof lies heavily on the impossibility argument.
Counterfactual thinking, counterfactual writing by Dorothee Birke, Michael Butter, Tilmann K. Ppe