By J. Patout Burns Jr.
This is often the 1st updated, available learn at the rule of Cyprian because the Bishop of Carthage within the 250s advert. It controversially indicates that Cyprian noticeably enforced the first emphasis at the team spirit of the church, studying loyalty in the neighborhood as constancy to Christ.
It makes use of cultural anthropology to check the effect of Cyprian's coverage through the Decian persecution. Cyprian tried to lead the center floor among compromise and traditionalism and succeeded through defining the boundary among the empire and the church.
J. Patout Burns Jr. concentrates on social buildings to bare the good judgment of Cyprian's plan, the root for its good fortune in his time, and why it later failed. This ebook could be of serious curiosity to classicists, historical historians and sociologists in addition to theologians.
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Additional info for Cyprian the Bishop (Routledge Early Church Monographs)
Because they had heard and heeded the call to reform and repentance, they might expect Christ’s commendation or hope for his forgiveness. Yet these were the minority. The majority of Christians in Carthage, Cyprian charged, had failed openly and freely. Many had lined up to comply with the edict on the first day of its enforcement, encouraging their friends and dragging along their dependants. So eager were they to protect their property that they refused to be delayed, forcing themselves on the imperial commissioners until late in the evening.
Cyprian’s return to Carthage Cyprian’s opening statement to his community in On the Lapsed recalled the explanation of the meaning of the persecution which he had advanced in his letters to them a year earlier. The Christians had renounced the Roman world in word but not in deed; they had failed to fulfill the promise made in baptism to follow the way of Christ alone. Instead, they had compromised their Christianity by preferring the property and protecting the position which had then enslaved them to imperial society.
In return for adhering to the moral and cultic norms of the church, Christians expected entrance into the kingdom of God. In baptizing, therefore, the community brought the divine power to bear and effected both earthly and heavenly changes in the recipient. 119 As a result, violation of the baptismal commitment entailed both social and cosmic consequences. The sin of idolatry was directed against God’s honor; by breaking an oath of exclusive fidelity, it incurred the threat of eternal damnation.
Cyprian the Bishop (Routledge Early Church Monographs) by J. Patout Burns Jr.