By Jack C. Richards

ISBN-10: 110764867X

ISBN-13: 9781107648678

Show description

Read or Download Interchange 1 PDF

Best english as a second language books

Nick Brieger's Technical English: Vocabulary and Grammar PDF

"Technical English, Vocabulary and Grammar" goals that can assist you elevate your wisdom of technical English and strengthen your vocabulary and grammar. by means of operating during the fabrics you need to develop into extra exact and extra acceptable in various key technical contexts. The ebook can be utilized by yourself (self-access) or in school (as a part of a course).

Download e-book for iPad: What a World 1: Amazing Stories from Around the Globe by Milada Broukal

Gains: * Pre-reading questions and actions. * Topic-related vocabulary workouts. * Comprehension payment and interpreting talents workouts. * dialogue and writing actions. * Spelling and punctuation ideas and perform. * Self-tests to evaluate development. * Accompanying Audio CDs for What a global 1 and a pair of permit scholars to pay attention at domestic or at school.

Additional resources for Interchange 1

Sample text

At this stage, the analyst has to decide what to compare with what. Linguistic features of the two languages are compared on three levels: form, meaning, and distribution of forms. It needs to be pointed out that in some texts companson and juxtaposition have been treated as two distinct steps, but as Yarmohammadi (2009) has noted, trying to keep them separate " imposes some sort of redundancy and unnaturalness on the statements" (p. 36). 4. Prediction Having described and compared certain features across languages, the analyst can make predictions about difficulties learners may face in acquiring the second language.

This principle works in the n1ajority of cases; however, some languages may require the use of alternative models for their description. Of course, this is a controversial theoretical issue and it is beyond the scope of the present textbook. For further details, interested readers can consult James ( 1980, Chapter 4). 3. Comparison When the description of subsystems of the two languages is complete the job of the analyst is to compare and contrast the two systems by juxtaposing features of the two languages in order to find similarities and differences between them.

Description After the selection of certain linguistic items, structures or rules, the linguist or language teacher, should explicitly describe the two languages in question. Scientific description has been the core of Chapter I - Fundamental Issues in Contrasth•e Analysis 15 contrastive analysis and the proponents of this theory have always put emphasis on parallel description of the two languages. By parallel description it is implied that the two languages should be described through the same linguistic model or framework.

Download PDF sample

Interchange 1 by Jack C. Richards

by Ronald

Rated 4.35 of 5 – based on 12 votes