ISBN-10: 962217812X

ISBN-13: 9789622178120

Iran, or Persia because it used to be previously recognized, has been a melting pot of civilizationsfor centuries. The Islamic revolution in 1979 and the following Iran-Iraq warreduced tourism to a trickle, yet within the final decade the country's international significancewithin the fashionable global has led to expanding curiosity from tourists andbusiness humans. this is often an important ebook either for viewers to Iran and for thosesimply with a thirst to profit approximately and comprehend this different and gorgeous land.Travel proof and information mix with chapters on all the country's provinces andsections on Islamic paintings, structure, and faith.

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One of the members of the Persian court, Bessus, the Satrap of Bactria (Northern Afghânistân), had killed the king, leaving his body abandoned in an ox-cart near Dâmghân. Alexander, we hear, was mortified to discover his opponent in such a disgraceful state, and, pausing only to order for him a funeral befitting his rank, proceeded eastwards to punish this Bessus for disloyalty to his king. Bessus was finally captured, tried, and executed in 330 BC. In spite of this, Alexander continued his campaigns in Afghânistân and beyond the bounds of the Oxus, before turning back at the River Hydaspes (modern-day Jhelum) in India— his men refused to go any further into the unknown—and reaching Babylon, where he died in 323 BC.

To them, he announced a new and grander plan: the conquest, by an army of Greeks, of the Empire of Persia. The council, perhaps after some hesitation, assented to his proposal; yet, in spite of their support, he was never to see his plans through to fruition: the next year he fell victim to the dagger of an assassin. His son Alexander, nonetheless, was by no means reluctant to assume control of the venture. At the age of twenty, he might have been regarded as somewhat immature in terms of years to IRÂN—A BRIEF HISTORY 33 embark on an invasion of the largest empire the world had seen to date; yet, in other respects, this was by no means the case.

Nonetheless, they are thought to have had an advantage over the original population of the Plateau in one important respect: a proficiency in horsemanship. With the aid of this ability and by other means as well, by expulsion, by massacre, and by assimilation, they were able to supplant and surpass the primeval inhabitants of the country, learning from them agriculture and the use of settlements, whilst causing the Aryan language to replace those which had come before it. With the onset of the 9th century BC, the Aryans begin to make their appearance in the written records of Assyria—then the leading power in Mesopotamia—and thus their disposition throughout the area begins to be understood with a greater clarity.

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Iran: Persia: Ancient and Modern (Odyssey Illustrated Guides)

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