By Robert Eisenman
This can be the follow-up paintings to Prof. Eisenman's Maccabees, Zadokites, Christians, and Qumran: a brand new speculation of Qumran Origins, within which he makes an attempt to end up in a case-by-case demeanour the various hypotheses he instructed in that unique ground-breaking paintings.
Both works grow to be, unusually sufficient, almost about the exact same variety of pages and what Prof. Eisenman does during this brief quantity is to head via what's recognized by means of students as "The Habakkuk Pesher" and laymen, "The Habakkuk remark" – "Pesher" in Hebrew having an identical experience as "Commentary" in English – in a line-by-line, passage-by-passage type; and meticulously set forth simply how they could relate to identified occasions, principles, and happenstances recognized from and linked to the lifetime of James or as all Early Christian bills might have it: "James the simply" (the cognomen, “the only one” in fact, being perpetually all-important) or “James the Zaddik.”.
As we all know, he has increased this in a thousand+ web page books considering the fact that: James the Brother of Jesus: the major to Unlocking the secrets and techniques of Early Christianity and the lifeless Sea Scrolls (1997-98) and the hot testomony Code: The Cup of the Lord, the Damascus Covenant, and the Blood of Christ (2006) and shorter ones: James the Brother of Jesus and the useless Sea Scrolls I and II (2012 and 2013); yet those preliminary volumes signify his first forays into this territory. once more, regardless of the influence by means of a number of critics, who test make gentle of or marginalize his theories or scholarship (as in the event that they may well produce something better); as in MZCQ, he totally distinguishes among "the Spouter of Lies” or “Lying” (the so-called “Liar” or “Scoffer” – for Eisenman, a extra exact translation of this final being “the Jester”) and "the depraved Priest"; and this dichotomy has withstood the attempt of time and initiated a bunch of imitators.
Not in simple terms does he make it transparent – regardless of a few simplistic “Consensus” theorizing – that those are totally assorted; yet, in doing so, he totally confirms via inner research a primary Century CE date for primary Qumran unique files (called via so-called ‘consensus scholars’, “Sectarian”), a place he already essentially set forth in MZCQ. the 1st, in fact, is an inner ideological Adversary of the hero of the Scrolls, "the Righteous instructor" – “the Liar” who "denied the legislations in the middle of their complete Congregation" – the second one, the current institution excessive Priest and this, definitively no longer a “Maccabean” however the reigning “Herodian” one.
It is he who's accountable for the loss of life or destruction of "the Righteous instructor" and a few of these with him – known as revealingly “the bad" – “the Ebionim" within the Hebrew of the Scrolls and extremely most likely reminiscent of "the Ebionites" of Early Church background approximately whom Eusebius within the 4th Century is so contemptuous and scathing of. those and plenty of different issues are meticulously delineated during this, Eisenman's first foray right into a line-by-line decipherment of the Habakkuk Pesher – having already dealt definitively and intimately with the dual problems with Archaeology and Paleography in MZCQ previous it. either one of those very-hard-to-acquire books won't, it really is was hoping, disappoint, Prof. Eisenman's many admirers.
I'm at present examining Neil Asher Silberman's ebook at the Scrolls background, "The Hidden Scrolls", within which he exhibits Eisenman on one aspect, the consensus students at the different. How lengthy will or not it's prior to they backpedal and permit the one that understands what he's conversing approximately inform the tale? there's a lot left to do in dismantling 20 centuries of Christian and Rabbinic Jewish protecting up. James is the person who had preeminence within the first century. that's now proven. Eisenman in basic terms stops brief while he concludes, "Who and no matter what James used to be, so used to be Jesus". James was once the grasp and that's transparent, not just as he acknowledged, in Acts 1 the place fictional 'Judas' covers him (and additionally as fictional "Joseph Barsabbas JUSTus"), yet within the BETRAYAL, TOO. It used to be purely simply because Eisenman isn't really acquainted with the residing Masters culture (Sant Mat, now the Radha Soami Satsang, Beas > [...] that he did not expand his research to the overwriting of James as 'Judas' in "the Betrayal" coverup of his set up as successor grasp. here's that ultimate bankruptcy: The Bible says Saviors testomony i attempted telling him in individual, in view that he's the person who came upon James somewhere else within the gospels and Acts, yet he wasn't receptive. the realm of Western faith isn't back to be an identical. there's no going again from what we now find out about the Masters of Palestine, John the Baptist, James the simply, Simeon Cleophas, and Judas Thomas. all of them taught what's this present day known as 'Surat Shabd Yoga' ('Listening to the Sound Union') of John 3:8 and plenty of different passages.
About the Author
Robert Eisenman is the writer of the hot testomony Code: The Cup of the Lord, the Damascus Covenant, and the Blood of Christ (2006), James the Brother of Jesus: the major to Unlocking the secrets and techniques of Early Christianity and the lifeless Sea Scrolls (1998), The lifeless Sea Scrolls and the 1st Christians (1996), Islamic legislations in Palestine and Israel: A historical past of the Survival of Tanzimat and Shari’ah (1978), and co-editor of The Facsimile version of the lifeless Sea Scrolls (1989), The useless Sea Scrolls exposed (1992), and James the Brother of Jesus and the lifeless Sea Scrolls Volumes I and II (2012). Robert is an Emeritus Professor of center East Religions and Archaeology and the previous Director of the Institute for the research of Judeo-Christian Origins at California country collage lengthy seashore and traveling Senior Member of Linacre university, Oxford. He holds a B.A. from Cornell college in Philosophy and Engineering Physics (1958), an M.A. from long island collage in close to jap experiences (1966), and a Ph.D from Columbia collage in center East Languages and Cultures and Islamic legislation (1971). He was once a Senior Fellow on the Oxford Centre for Postgraduate Hebrew stories and an American Endowment for the arts Fellow-in-Residence on the Albright Institute of Archaeological learn in Jerusalem, the place the lifeless Sea Scrolls have been first tested. In 1991-92, he was once the advisor to the Huntington Library in San Marino, California on its determination to open its records and make allowance unfastened entry for all students to the formerly unpublished Scrolls. In 2002, he used to be the 1st to publicly announce that the so-called ‘James Ossuary’, which so without warning and ‘miraculously’ seemed, used to be fraudulent; and he did this at the exact same day it was once made public at the foundation of the particular inscription itself and what it acknowledged with none ‘scientific’ or ‘pseudoscientific’ aids.
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Extra info for James the Just in the Habakkuk Pesher
N 's ' rej ect i n g the Law" b e l ow) , he s h a l l rece i ve no i n struction in com m u n i ty d octri ne. 26ff. 4 Th e text l ays down , th at " h i s words a re u n clea n ", a n d fu rth e r stresses in vi i . 1 7ff. t h at "wh oeve r h a s s l a n d e red the com m u n ity" o r " m u rm u red a ga i n st the a u th o rity of the co m m u n i ty s h a l l be expel led a n d n eve r retu rn". In s u ch a context of " s l a n d e r " a n d " m u r m u ri n g", o n e s h o u l d h ave rega rd t o Pa u l 's "these lead e rs , t h ese P i l l ars", "these peo p l e who a re acknowledged leaders-n ot t h at t h e i r i m porta nce m e a n s a nyth i n g t o m e " aspers i o n s i n G a 2 : 6ff.
As we have n oted , too, its con n ecti o n with Pau l 's Ga 2: 1 1 - 1 4 confrontati o n with a n d c h a rges aga i n st Peter i n Antioch i s i ntri n s i c. O n e s h o u l d n ot be too a sto n i s hed at o u r l i n ki n g t h i s see m i n gly i n nocu o u s n otice i n t h e H a b a k k u k Pesh er ( n ot i n n o c u o u s i n te rms of the l i terary d evices of co m p res s i o n , i ro n i c u n d e rstatement, a n d p a rody p racticed a t Q u m ran) with th e fa m o u s " j e r u s a l e m Cou nci l ".
A man is not saved by his "fa ith" a l o n e, b u t by "works" worki n g wi th "faith " ("fa i t h " i n t h e effective stewa rd s h i p-of the R i g hteo u s Teacher) . Wh at often goes u n re m a rked i s t h at t h e exp l i cit refe rence t o " Camalam", a p a rt fro m wh at w e s h a l l prese nt ly be a b l e to i d entify as its esch ato l ogical t h r u st, p l aces us (as l ater in x. 2 s I t s h o u l d not s i m ply be tra n s l ated " s ufferi n g", but rather " s ufferi n g wo rks", o r perh aps eve n m o re to the po i n t , "works with sote r i o l ogical effect".
James the Just in the Habakkuk Pesher by Robert Eisenman