By Francesco Menotti
The opportunity discovery in 1854 of a prehistoric lake village on Lake Zurich prompted what we now name the 'lake-dwelling phenomenon'. 100 and fifty years of analysis and lively educational disputes have reworked the phenomenon into probably the most trustworthy resources of knowledge in wetland archaeology. This definitive quantity presents an summary of the improvement of lake village stories, explores the effect of a number of clinical recommendations at the settlements and considers how the general public can relate to this evocative and interesting department of archaeology. It explains how the multidisciplinary study context has considerably more advantageous our wisdom of prehistoric wetland groups, from an environmental in addition to a cultural standpoint.
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Additional resources for Living on the Lake in Prehistoric Europe: 150 Years of Lake-Dwelling Research
Lacustrine settlements began to be protected by fences around 3850 BC, strong palisades about 3000 BC, or even more complex wooden fortifications, from the Early Bronze Age onwards. In several places the distribution of ovens and hearths indicates that the late Neolithic buildings were usually single residential units. In Hornstaad unthreshed grain was stored in houses together with implements for agriculture, forestry, hunting, angling and work in the house, making each unit self-sufficient. Annexes or extra buildings were rare.
Schlichtherle, H. (in press) Bemerkungen zur Erntetechnik im Neolithikum, in Experimentelle Forschungen zu den Wurzeln europäischer Kulturlandschaft. Erste Schöntaler Tagung 2002. Materialhefte zur Archäologie in Baden-Württemberg. Schlichtherle, H. and Strobel, M. (eds) (1999) Aktuelles zu Horgen – Cham – Goldberg III – Schnurkeramik in Süddeutschland, Hemmenhofener Skripte 1. Freiburg: Janus Verlag. 34 SOUTH-WESTERN GERMANY Schlichtherle, H. and Torke, W. (1976) Neue Ausgrabungen im Pfahlbau Wangen am Bodensee.
It was self-evident that all the buildings of one village stood in water. Pieces of evidence have been discovered here and there during recent excavations that seem to give unmistakable support to the above views. Traces of inundations are common and the example of the above-mentioned Marins-Les Piécettes is particularly effective. A last convincing example comes from the submerged Late Bronze Age Village of Böschen on Lake Greifen (Ruoff 1998). The area was excavated over a ten-year period, and remains of log foundations for 24 buildings were discovered.
Living on the Lake in Prehistoric Europe: 150 Years of Lake-Dwelling Research by Francesco Menotti