By John Booth Davies
Present attitudes towards drug misuse within the media, executive or even therapy centres, usually exaggerate the pharmacological strength of substances. Their coercive impact is greatly believed to be so nice that to scan with a drug is tantamount to dependancy. Davies argues that such ideals are principally erroneous and damaging. study exhibits that motives for drug use fluctuate in response to conditions. Drug clients may possibly clarify that they've misplaced their dedication and potential for private decision-making, simply because this is often the reason anticipated of them, yet so much really use medicines simply because they wish to and since they see no stable cause of giving them up. Addicted behaviour is for that reason a sort of realized helplessness, no longer an impact because of narcotic consumption.
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Extra resources for Myth of Addiction: Second Edition
However, in the absence of the Utopia, we have been left with the charred and increasingly trivialised remains of his theory. Although behaviourism might retain some usefulness as a conceptual tool for tackling certain societal problems within the context of an integrated approach comprising other more politically-aware philosophies, the principles are most frequently applied piecemeal in isolated settings; for example in the clinical context where they take the concrete-minded and literal forms epitomised by aversion therapy and token economies; or in the animal behaviour laboratory where, being literally a mindless theory, it seems useful in accounting for the behaviour of animals placed in a variety of pointless and unnatural situations.
Consequently, no special 'treatment' domain is required when tackling drug problems; we can take help and assistance from anywhere. The Behaviourist Legacy Skinner did in fact put himself before the mast by spelling out the societal implications of his theory, as he saw them, in such books as Reflections on Behaviorism and Society (1978), Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1973 op cit) and the intriguing novel Walden Two (1948) in which he described an entire Utopian society based on the principles of operant conditioning.
These showed that people moved in and out of periods of troubled drinking behaviour, often without any outside intervention; consequently, people who were 'alcoholics' at one time frequently did not behave like 'alcoholics' some time later. In addition, Edwards noted that what constituted a 61 drinking problem varied according to the social setting; what was seen as problem drinking by one person might be seen as normal in a different social or class setting. To some extent, the definition thus appeared to be arbitrary.
Myth of Addiction: Second Edition by John Booth Davies