By Nebraska Symposium, Rick A. Bevins, Michael T. Bardo

ISBN-10: 0803204043

ISBN-13: 9780803204041

ISBN-10: 0803213409

ISBN-13: 9780803213401

This quantity marks the 50th anniversary of the Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, the longest constantly working symposium within the box of psychology. The motivational methods occupied with drug abuse, the biggest illness within the usa, are the topic of 8 thought-provoking essays that probe behavioral, cognitive, evolutionary, and physiological views. George F. Koob discusses the consequences of an allostatic view of motivation in psychopathology. Harriet de Witt considers the twin determinants of drug use in people, present and impulsivity, whereas R. D. Spealman and his learn workforce verify the triggers of relapse in nonhuman primates. Jaak Panksepp and co-workers elucidate the position of emotional structures in habit through a neuroethological point of view, whereas Michael T. Bardo and Linda Dwoskin describe the organic connection among novelty and drug-seeking motivational platforms. force, incentive, and reinforcement, besides components controlling the reinitiation of drug looking and the environmental resources of motivation around out the rest discussions through Roy A. clever, Jane Stewart, and M. Vogel-Sprott.

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Extra info for Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, Volume 50: Motivational Factors in the Etiology of Drug Abuse (v. 50)

Example text

1975). Evidence from rats that morphine tolerance is a learned response. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 89, 489–506. Solomon, R. , & Corbit, J. D. (1974). An opponent-process theory of motivation: 1. Temporal dynamics of affect. Psychological Review, 81, 119–145. Solomon, R. L. (1980). The opponent process theory of acquired motivation. American Psychologist, 35, 691–712. , & Eyer, J. (1988). Allostasis: A new paradigm to explain arousal pathology. In S. Fisher, & J. ), Handbook of life stress, cognition and health (pp.

Has adverse consequences). , 2001; Nagoshi, Wilson, & Rodriguez, 1991; Petry & Casarella, 1999). In addition, there may be alterations in state that affect impulsive decision making. , benefiting from abstinence). Thus, various factors may increase the likelihood of taking a drug on a particular occasion, independently of how rewarding the drug is. Second, after the drug has been ingested, the pharmacological effects of the drug may further increase the likelihood that the individual will extend the bout of drug use, by impairing the influence of both immediate and delayed consequences on behavior.

They define dysregulation as “a deficiency in the degree to which an individual can modulate his or her reactivity to environmental challenges,” and they link this dysregulation to deficits in prefrontal cortical function. In a study investigating predictors of the first drink in a study of early adolescents, McGue et al. 0pt P ——— Normal PgEnds: [24], (6) 25 Dual Determinants of Drug Use tivity/impulsivity, and inattentiveness at age 11, predicted drinking onset by age 14. They concluded that individuals who have their first drink relatively early manifest higher rates of disinhibitory behavior and psychopathology even before they first try alcohol.

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Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, Volume 50: Motivational Factors in the Etiology of Drug Abuse (v. 50) by Nebraska Symposium, Rick A. Bevins, Michael T. Bardo


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