By Barbara J. Fields, Karen Fields
Most folks think that racism grows from a belief of human distinction: the actual fact of race offers upward thrust to the perform of racism. Sociologist Karen E. Fields and historian Barbara J. Fields argue differently: the perform of racism produces the appearance of race, via what they name "racecraft." And this phenomenon is in detail entwined with other kinds of inequality in American lifestyles. So pervasive are the units of racecraft in American background, monetary doctrine, politics, and daily considering that the presence of racecraft itself is going unnoticed.
That the promised post-racial age has no longer dawned, the authors argue, displays the failure of american citizens to boost a sound language for pondering and discussing inequality. That failure should still fear every person who cares approximately democratic associations.
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Extra resources for Racecraft: The Soul of Inequality in American Life
When the state succeeded, the penalty was harsh. These three violent male networks were locked in a mutual battle, but it was a war without clear frontiers. Gangs were in bed with the police, and some factions of Pagad were rumored to be in alliance with some of the gangs. Furthermore, residents on the Cape Flats had divided allegiance to the extent that families might even be in internal conflict, as some family members were members of gangs, whereas others supported Pagad and/or the police. This is the real tragedy: while gangs, police, and vigilante groups slug it out among and against each other, ordinary residents’ lives are endangered and compromised.
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Central America and Mexico Gangs Assessment. : USAID. , D. -L. Lien, eds. 2008. Street Gangs, Migration, and Ethnicity. : Willan. Venkatesh, S. A. 2000. American Project: The Rise and Fall of a Modern Ghetto. : Harvard University Press. ———. 2006. Off the Books: The Underground Economy of the Urban Poor. : Harvard University Press. ———. 2008. Gang Leader for a Day: A Rogue Sociologist Takes to the Streets. New York: Penguin. Venkatesh, S. , and R. Kassimir, eds. 2007. Youth, Globalization, and the Law.
Racecraft: The Soul of Inequality in American Life by Barbara J. Fields, Karen Fields