By L. Gribov, V. Baranov, Yu. Magarshak (auth.), Yuri Magarshak, Sergey Kozyrev, Ashok K. Vaseashta (eds.)
Even although there's no commonly accredited definition of nanotechnologies to be outlined as precise self-discipline there's an rising consensus that their introduction and improvement is a starting to be in significance issue of the modern and destiny technological civilization. the sort of such a lot primary concerns we're faced with is the compatibility with existence itself. From unmarried telephone organisms to people, carbon is a key construction block of all molecular buildings of existence. by contrast the fellow created digital to construct on different parts, of which silicon is the most typical. either carbon and silicon create molecular chains, even though diversified of their inner constitution. All existence is equipped from carbon-based chains. so long as the fellow outfitted technological items don't at once intervene with the body structure of existence the linked hazards from them are particularly effortless to spot. they're basically within the environmental pollutants and the potential for provoking the typical stability of biocoenosis, on a planetary scale. the fundamental lifestyles features are nonetheless in some way subverted. we will use television, pcs, force vehicles and use different technological utilities with no worry of direct interference with our mobile features. this can be specifically simply because some of these technological utilities are many orders of importance higher than usual scales of organic task. such a lot of organic task, from fermentative catalysis to DNA replication happens on nanoscale. the placement is extensively varied while the technological ambitions are development nanoscale measurement items. All organic techniques happen on nanoscale.
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Extra info for Silicon Versus Carbon: Fundamental Nanoprocesses, Nanobiotechnology and Risks Assessment
A volume of an individual channel’s element, from a surface up to the depth Hmedium, is defined from a difference of two cone volumes. 3 m. 280 m. 5 × 10–6 m3, the exact quantity of the channel elements of the first cycle is Ef N amend = = 190840 . The quantity of the channel elements, registered experimentally ΔV1− 2 is N0–2 = 480,812. During the first cycle, the high-pressure zones, corresponding to the channel elements number Namend are formed on the depth of a metal cylinder. Other channel elements are formed in the next cycles.
FIGOVSKY At SDP, the channel collapses (closes). It is possible to confirm this assertion in the experiments with lead dust. Lead (Pb), injected into the channel zones, at SDP, during preparation of a specimen for investigation, reacts with the etching solution. However, the products of a chemical reaction do not leave the surface. The trajectory of motion of lead particles in a barrier in the form of white strings can be seen at a metal surface of a barrier (Fig. 3). Only those sections of a trajectory which are at the plane of a longitudinal cross-section of a barrier are visible.
4. а b Figure 4. 4% of carbon, having the diameter of 50 mm and the height of 100 mm have been taken. As the striker materials, the micro-particles of SiC powder of the fraction of 63–70 μm were used. For this case, the energy expenditure for the macro-crater formation was Ек = 2,548 J and the energy expenditure for the dynamic settlement was of the minimum value Ed = 401,821 J. 2. FORMATION OF A CHANNEL STRUCTURE DURING THE SUPERDEEP PENETRATION PROCESS In a steel sample, the zones (channel elements) with the changed structure have appeared.
Silicon Versus Carbon: Fundamental Nanoprocesses, Nanobiotechnology and Risks Assessment by L. Gribov, V. Baranov, Yu. Magarshak (auth.), Yuri Magarshak, Sergey Kozyrev, Ashok K. Vaseashta (eds.)