By Stephanie Lynn Budin

ISBN-10: 1576078140

ISBN-13: 9781576078143

From the language we communicate to the constructions we paintings in and how we expect concerning the international, the traditional Greeks bequeathed a panoramic legacy to the trendy global. They proceed to coach us, layer through layer, as archaeologists and different researchers discover much more approximately this outstanding culture.

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Additional info for The Ancient Greeks: New Perspectives (Understanding Ancient Civilizations)

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Tmolos in the center of Asia Minor, and farther south the mighty Meander cuts deeply into the mainland’s interior, emptying into the Mediterranean at Miletos. The southern tip of Asia Minor is dominated by the jutting semipeninsula of ancient Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum) and the peninsula of Knidos, reaching out almost to touch Cos to the west. The milder climate and flatter surface of the land in Asia Minor allowed the eastern Greeks a few more agricultural activities than their western cousins.

The most basic means of determining relative chronology in archaeology is stratigraphy. Stratigraphy refers to the layers (strata) of discarded and buried materials under the surface of the land. Consider, for example, having a garden. Every year, you add new layers of soil and mulch before planting flowers or tomatoes, and these new layers cover over what had been on the surface the year before. A discarded gum wrapper, a penny, and an old shoelace get covered over by the new layer. The next year, a bottle cap gets covered over, along with a baseball card and a doll’s head.

The next great step in the discovery of the Aegean Bronze Age occurred in Crete, when Sir Arthur Evans, digging at the ancient capital of Knossos, discovered a civilization even earlier than the Mycenaean. In 1900, Evans found the remains of a society that he named Minoan after the legendary King Minos of Crete. This society showed many artistic similarities to the Mycenaean civilization. Yet the styles in Crete were even older than those in Greece, and, to Evans’s eyes, superior. So Evans came to the conclusion that this Minoan society was older than the Mycenaean; that at one point early in history these Minoans actually controlled the mainland, holding suzerainty over the Mycenaeans; and that it was only a grand-scale volcanic eruption that brought an end to their brilliant society and allowed the northern “barbarians” to take over Crete.

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The Ancient Greeks: New Perspectives (Understanding Ancient Civilizations) by Stephanie Lynn Budin


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