By P. Lionello

ISBN-10: 0124160425

ISBN-13: 9780124160422

The Mediterranean area incorporates a diversified and engaging weather starting from parts with everlasting glaciers to parts of subtropical, semiarid areas. The sector is in all probability delicate to weather swap and its growth has environmental, social, and financial implications inside and past the area. Produced by way of the Mediterranean weather Variability and Predictability study Networking Project, this booklet experiences the evolution of the Mediterranean weather during the last millennia with projections extra into the twenty-first century in addition to studying intimately a variety of points of the Mediterranean region’s weather together with evolution, atmospheric variables, and oceanic and land parts. built-in with this, the booklet additionally considers the social and monetary difficulties or vulnerabilities linked to the area. Written and reviewed by means of a number of researchers to make sure a excessive point of knowledge offered sincerely, Mediterranean weather Variables may be a useful resource of data for geologists, oceanographers, and a person drawn to studying extra concerning the Mediterranean weather.

  • Written by means of best specialists within the field
  • Presents transparent, compelling, and concise evidence
  • Includes the most recent pondering in Mediterranean weather research

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The analysis of extreme precipitation in the Mediterranean is based on 286 stations across the basin for the period 1950–2006. , 2004) from October to March is considered. , 2010) and by Caussinus and Mestre (2004). , change points due to nonclimatic factors) are discarded. , 2012). 10. , the level that is expected to be exceeded on average once every 5 and 50 years) help in understanding and quantifying the behavior of the most severe events. , the northern coast of Portugal, the Gulf of Lions, the Gulf of Genoa, Croatia, Rhodes, and the eastern Black Sea area) greater than 100 mm.

3 shows the representation of bathymetry and topography aggregating data in cells of various size. 3D corresponds to the average resolution of the global models used in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 4th Assessment Report (IPCC AR4) and in the analysis by Giorgi and Lionello (2008). , 1999). 3A. 3A and B can be considered adequate for representing realistically the morphology of the region, and even a model working at these high resolutions is far from being adequate for simulating hydrological processes in narrow and steep basins of the Mediterranean region.

This flux has an important interannual variability and long-term trends. , 2007 for a review). , 2007), which could in turn affect the long-term evolution of the flow rate by modulating the dense-water formation rate within the sea. Oceanographically based estimates of the water flux from the Atlantic Ocean at the Strait of Gibraltar are affected by strong uncertainties, and their temporal variability is largely unknown. , 2002b) do not agree with the E–P–R estimates (480 mm/yr). The agreement is even less if we include the Black Sea term (75–120 mm/yr).

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The Climate of the Mediterranean Region. From the past to the future by P. Lionello

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